Drill Speeds and Drill Feeds
Information on drilling speeds and feeds by The Tap and Die Company, London, UK

DRILL SPEEDS for Inch Drills, Metric Drills, Number Drills, Letter Drills:

 General recommendations for speeds to be used when drilling various types of materials. If in doubt, it is advisable to start at the lower end of the speed range, and note the results of increasing drill speed until the life of the tool begins to decrease. Rigid machines of modern design can usually be expected to operate at rather higher drilling speeds than older machines in poor condition.

 For Taper Pin Drilling, speeds and feeds should be between 40% and 50% of those recommended for a parallel drill equal to the large diameter of the taper drill. The amount of work required of a taper drill is ver considerable and this should be considered in all taper designs.

 The speeds shown are given in surface feet per minute (ft/min) or surface meters per minute (m/min), measured at the periphery of thedrill. To calculate thedrill revolutions per minute (RPM) from the surface speeds, the following formulae should be used, where D=diameter of drill

RPM  = Surface Ft/min x 12      divided by    D inch x 3.14

 RPM  = Surface m/min x 1000   divided by    D mm x 3.14

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DRILL FEEDS

 The following feeds are recommended to be used in conjunction with the tables on the preceding pages, but these may need to be varied according to the local conditions of the job in hand. Insufficient feed will lead to excess wear at the lips and corners of the drill; too great a feed may cause the chisel edge to wear or the drill to break. In the case of work-hardening materials it is very important that the feed employed is both sufficient and positive. Power feed is advised.

   Drill
 Diameter  
  Feed per revolution approximate  
 LIGHT  MEDIUM  HEAVY VERY HEAVY 
 Metric        
 0.5mm  .010mm  .016mm  .023 inch  .027mm
 1.0  .015  .025  .035  .044
 2.0  .020  .032  .046  .060
 4.5  .030  .048  .068  .090
 8.5  .050  .080  .115  .150
 13.0  .080  .128  .180  .250
 22.0  .115  .180  .250  .340
 35.0  .160  .260  .370  .500
 60.0  .260  .410  .610  .800
 100.0  .340  .550  .800  1.100
 Inch        
 1/32"  .0005 inch  .0008 inch  .0011 inch  .0014 inch
 1/16  .0006  .0010  .0015  .0020
 1/8  .0009  .0015  .0022  .0030
 1/4  .0015  .0025  .0034  .0050
 1/2  .0029  .0047  .0067  .0090
  1"  .0050  .0080  .0110  .0160
  2"  .0085  .0125  .0170  .0250
  3"  .0115  .0185  .0270  .0360


The Tap and Die Company website has a lot of other very useful 'Technical’ Data & Information for you to view